It sounds simple, but make sure the machine has enough fuel before putting it to work. Your excavator should be able to operate at all times, allowing the user to dump unstable loads in case of an emergency. Low fuel levels can shut an excavator down unexpectedly, causing a potentially dangerous and unstable situation.
Select an attachment that is approved by the manufacturer of the machine in use. Adhere to the machine's operator's manual for safe operating ratios. Understand that the swing motor is the weakest part of the excavator, and can be compromised by the weight of an attachment in variable conditions.
Inspect the jobsite for debris, loose soil, holes/ditches, inclines, and other obstacles. Even if you know your machine, a rock, stump, or other hidden obstacle can cause your machine to slide. If the machine catches an edge near any sort of incline or decline, tipping over becomes a real possibility.
If you will be loading an articulated truck, match the truck size to the excavator you are using, or vice versa. It should take 3 to 5 bucket loads to fill the truck bed - Any more than 5, and you are wasting time.
An undercut occurs when an operator digs the ground beneath the excavator tracks. Always be aware of the location of the lip of the hole that is being created to avoid a cave-in.
Know your machine's load limits, and never exceed them, as overloading can cause loss in stability and potential tip-overs.
When working on a hill, or any incline or decline, make sure your tracks are pointing up and down the slope. Your tracks should never be parallel to the slope, as this distributes the weight