Loose tracks can detrack. Over-tightening can cause power loss, excessive roller and idler wear, and could tear the tracks. Refer to your operator's manual for track inspection and tensioning procedures.
Track tension is controlled by a track adjuster located behind the front idler. Tension adjustments are made by pumping or draining grease through the track adjuster valve. Even small adjustments in track sag have a big impact on tension. A change in sag from 1" to 0.5" increases tension by about 3,000 pounds. Refer to your operator's manual for specific information on how to adjust the track tension of your machine.
Make sure your adjuster valve is working properly by visually inspecting it periodically. If the valve shows signs of leakage, bring your machine in for repair as soon as possible. Leakage can lead to a loss of track tension and increased wear.
Make tension adjustments on the job site rather than in the shop. Track tension may increase if the sprocket and chain are packed with mud or other materials. A track that is properly tensioned in the shop may become too tight when packed with mud.
To match track tension with the specific packing conditions of the job site, run your machine for a short while on the job site, then make the necessary adjustments.
Changes in weather can alter the packing conditions of the job site throughout the day. Making tension adjustments in response to these changes can help reduce track wear and costs.
Wait for the weather to improve if your tracks become frozen. If you try to use power to force the tracks to move you might destroy them.
Do not make abrupt turns, because they place unnecessary stress on the track and undercarriage. Continuous turning to the same side can cause asymmetrical wear. Higher speeds cause more wear on the undercarriage. Use the slowest possible operating speed for the job.
Do not operate in reverse unless necessary. Reverse operation wears tracks up to three times as quickly as forward operation. High speed reverse is particularly destructive to tracks and undercarriage components.
Have your undercarriage inspected annually by a trained technician to catch problems early before they lead to unnecessary damage.